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Ink just put into the scaly layer would be replaced quickly and fade away. While ink into the epidermis will stay, The dermis makes for more ink and perhaps a more vivid image.

The depth of a tattoo needle is very important element in the tattooing process. If the needle goes too far into the skin, it can spread ink under the skin and this is known as bleeding. For tattoo beginner’s, it is vital to know what the proper depth is. You must first be familiar with the layers of skin and how far into the skin you need to go. There are seven layers of skin, but only two that matter when tattooing; the epidermis and the dermis. The epidermis is the outer layer of skin, and the dermis is the layer of skin the tattoo needle should be injected into.

  1. Know how far to go. The tattoo needles need to go between 1 and 2 mm into the skin in order to reach the dermis. If you go any farther than that, it can cause unnecessary pain to the person receiving the tattoo.

  2. Set your needle. A tattoo needle needs to stick out of the machine tube about 1 mm to 2 mm. These measurements will vary from person to person, as everyone’s body is different. Your needle and tube need to match.

  3. Practice your depth. Before tattooing a person, it is recommended that you first test the depth of the needle on a piece of fruit. If the fruit becomes torn apart, you know your needle depth is too much. The same is true when tattooing a live person. If the needle depth is too much, there will be an excessive amount of blood coming back out of the holes the needle is making.

If the purpose is outlining, the depth should be about 1.2mm. If the purpose is shading, the needle should be set at 2.5 mm. You should practice by taking the machine apart and put it back together again until you can set up easy. This will get you used to visually gauging the depth and getting a feel for the machine.

It is extremely important to thoroughly clean all tattoo equipment before and after each use.  Never begin a tattoo without first checking the cleanliness of the equipment. It is better to use disposable equipment.

You have a design, now you have to decide how large or small it will be.
When the customer decides, the easiest way to reduce or enlarge a line drawing is with a copier machine. Next using spirit master paper packs insert the image into a thermal transfer stencil maker and in a few seconds you will have a purple line stencil ready for application. Well that is the fastest and easiest way to make stencils, there are many other tried and tested methods:

The copier machine does have its uses and place but better to trace yourself until you are fully competent. We recommend that you use a multi-function printer, A3 scanner. They are a lot cheaper nowadays. There are options to enlarge and reduce sizes. Brother printers are the best. You can add extended ink tanks. Brother printers do not have service times or chips in the print heads, very important. Print as much has you like and they just keep going. I have had over twenty printers and they all ended up in the bin in a very short time. Brother printer just keeps going.
You can scan the images direct into your computer. Once the image file is in your computer you can use a photo-editing program to shrink, retouch, or flip the image, then print it out. We recommend Photo Shop.

(1)  Skin scribes, hectographed surgical pencils…use these to draw a design directly upon the skin…commonly used for basic shapes like hearts, stars, banners, free hand work.  To ensure maximum sterility, hectographed pencils should be sharpened between uses and rubbed with alcohol.
(2)  Carbon paper transfer…draw a design on a piece of paper, then apply speed stick to the desired area of the skin. Lay carbon paper over it, and trace over your design. And you will have a crude stencil on the skin.
(3)  Another method is using tracing paper use your original design and trace it with car- bon paper and tracing paper underneath. The carbon will form a stencil on the tracing paper, and you can lay the tracing paper against the skin using water or speed stick to apply a stencil. REMEMBER to reverse the original design so your tattoo is not reversed. Using a printer, scan in a design to your computer, flip the image using a paint program, and print it out onto tracing paper. Apply speed stick or water to the desired area receiving the stencil, and press and you have a stencil. (In color if you desire) Using spirit paper with- out a stencil machine, just trace your design thru and get great stencils like the pros.
Applying a stencil, skin prep.
Area preparation. Shave the area; be sure to use a disposable razor and plenty or lubricating shaving cream. If the area gets a razor burn the client may not be able to tolerate getting a tattoo.
Clean the area with soap and water, then a green soap solution, and last with a triple anti- septic, like bactine antiseptic/anesthetic liquid. Most artists use speed stick to apply
stencils, water, and alcohol-based products are also used. Apply the speed stick to just wet the skin, then carefully apply the stencil, peel back the paper and with any luck you’ll have a crisp stencil facing the correct direction, and positioned properly, at this point show client placement before any ink is applied.
During the tattoo work from the bottom of the piece to the top, with the constant wiping and spraying stencils tend to fade. They fade when you don’t want them too, but stay bright and vivid when you’re done and want the purple stuff gone so you can continue.
Use a mixture of green soap and 80% rubbing alcohol sprayed over the area to remove the purple stencil.
Tattoo Styles Tattoos are not all the same; in fact one can say that each tattoo is a one of a kind.
Whether a tattoo is chosen from flash or custom drawn a tattoo is very personal, but most tattoos can fit into certain genres. Over time tattoos have evolved into many styles, some primitive some modern, but all an artistic interpretation of an idea.

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